TOKYO, Japan, Sep 12 (IPS) –
1. SDGs and global governance
Sustainable development is the challenge of how to build a society in which humanity can live with dignity in this global environment. SDGs have 17 goals and 169 objectives to achieve sustainable development. Goals 16 and 17, which are both aimed at global governance, include 10 specific targets. Goal 16 lists ten specific targets while Goal 17 lists 19.
In order to answer this question, it is necessary to analyse the relationship between the legitimacy that defines the rules of governance in each country and the governance structure in the first place, and based on this analysis, identify issues and make proposals that can overcome these issues.
2. Legitimacy and laws of the respective country
In contemporary societies, national law is legislated by national constitutions. The death penalty is a controversial issue. There are both proponents and opponents. But the real question is, on what basis can a person deny another’s life, even when they use the institution of law? In a democracy, this question is more clear. The epistemological issue is whether people as sovereigns, who form the sovereign of the state, are able to take the life of sovereigns based on law, even when the law is legislated through elections by parliamentarians. The international law recognizes that war is the only way to resolve international disputes. The legitimacy of the rule is stated in the preambles of the constitutions of all countries. Even if there is no such statement in the preamble of the constitution, it is stipulated in the more fundamental texts of the fundamental law of each country, in the case of the UK in the
Declaration of Independence, and in the case of France in the Declaration of Human Rights.The international order to date has made the values of the hegemonic powers, such as Pax Romana and
Pax Britannica, the de facto rule. In an international community with diverse cultures and values, it’s not possible to run global governance using the values of one country. Possibility of global lawsAlthough it’s difficult to determine values, there are legal conditions that allow global rules to be set. Fairness, rationality and transparency are essential. The sociology of religion and the sociology of domination show that the legitimacy of the transcendent rule of law, which forms the basis of the values of each country, is formed by the fact that the group can survive. The sociology of religion and the sociology of domination shows that the legitimacy of the transcendent rule of law, which forms the basis of the values of each country, is formed from the fact that the survival of the group is possible.When we consider that humanity is an inhabitant of this fragile planet and that the idea of humanity as a community is at the root of the SDGs, and that our lives and the lives of others have equal value as the very basis of human rights, the legitimacy of global societal domination in the era of the SDGs must be based on sustainability, this means that the legitimacy of global society’s domination in the era of the SDGs must lie in sustainability.Despite criticisms of idealism, the only logical solution to global governance is to create the conditions for its realisation.
, Staff, Cabinet Office, Government of Japan
, Secretary General, Forum on Future Vison
IPS UN Bureau
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